Calcula tu índice de Masa Corporal (IMC)
Altura (mts) Peso (kg) Sexo



1. Li B, Lloyd ML, Gudjonsson H, et al. The effect of enteral carnitine administration in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 1992;55:838-845.

2. Sahajwalla CG, Helton ED, Purich ED, et al. Multiple-dose pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence of L-carnitine 330-mg tablet versus 1-g chewable tablet versus enteral solution in healthy adult male volunteers. J Pharm Sci 1995;84:627-633.

3. Bach AC, Schirardin H, Sihr MO, Storck D. Free and total carnitine in human serum after oral ingestion of L-carnitine. Diabete Metab 1983;9:121-124.

4. Rebouche CJ, Chenard CA. Metabolic fate of dietary carnitine in human adults: identification and quantification of urinary and fecal metabolites. J Nutr 1991;121:539-546.

5. Malaguarnera M. et al. L- carnitine treatment redces severity of physical and mental fatigue and increases cognitive functions in centenarians: a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;86(6):1738-44.

6. Baker H, Frank O, DeAngelis B, Baker ER. Absorption and excretion of L-carnitine during single or multiple dosings in humans. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 1993;63:22-26.

7. Jogl G, Hsiao YS, Tong L. Structure and function of carnitine acyltransferases. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004;1033:17-29.

8. Fukao T, Lopaschuk GD, Mitchell GA. Pathways and control of ketone body metabolism: on the fringe of lipid biochemistry. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2004;70:243-251.

9. Malaguarnera M. et al. Acetyl l-carnitine (ALC) treatment in elderly patients with fatigue. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2007. Jul 19 (Epub ahead of print).  

10. Stanley CA. Carnitine deficiency disorders in children. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004;1033:42-51.

11. Evangeliou A, Vlassopoulos D. Carnitine metabolism and deficit – when supplementation is necessary? Curr Pharm Biotechnol 2003;4:211-219.

12. Cruciani RA, Dvorkin E, Homel P, et al. L-carnitine supplementation for the treatment of fatigue and depressed mood in cancer patients with carnitine deficiency: a preliminary analysis. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004;1033:168-176.

13. Korkina MB, Korchak GM, Medvedev DI. Clinico-experimental substantiation of the use of carnitine and cobalamin in the treatment of anorexia nervosa. Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 1989;89:82-87. [Article in Russian]

14. Korkina MV, Korchak GM, Kareva MA. Effects of carnitine and cobamamide on the dynamics of mental work capacity in patients with anorexia nervosa. Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 1992;92:99-102. [Article in Russian]

15. Giordano C, Perrotti G. Clinical studies of the effects of treatment with a combination of carnitine and cobamamide in infantile anorexia. Clin Ter 1979;88:51-60. [Article in Italian]

16. Swart I, Rossouw J, Loots JM, Kruger MC. The effect of L-carnitine supplementation on plasma carnitine levels and various performance parameters of male marathon athletes. Nutr Res 1997;17:405-414.

17. Vecchiet L, Di Lisa F, Pieralisi G, et al. Influence of L-carnitine administration on maximal physical exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1990;61:486-490.

18. Volek JS, Kraemer WJ, Rubin MR, et al. L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation favorably affects markers of recovery from exercise stress. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2002;282:E474-E482.

19. Vukovich MD, Costill DL, Fink WJ. Carnitine supplementation: effect on muscle carnitine and glycogen content during exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1994;26:1122-1129.

20. Cooper MB, Jones DA, Edwards RH, et al. The effect of marathon running on carnitine metabolism and on some aspects of muscle mitochondrial activities and antioxidant mechanisms. J Sports Sci 1986;4:79-87.

21. Colombani P, Wenk C, Kunz I, et al. Effects of L-carnitine supplementation on physical performance and energy metabolism of endurance-trained athletes: a double-blind crossover field study. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 1996;73:434-439.

22. Pistone G. et al. Levocarnitine administration in elderly subjets with rapad muscle fatigue: effect on body composition, lipid and fatigue. Drugs Aging. 2003,20(10):761-7.

23. Canale C, Terrachini V, Biagini A, et al. Bicycle ergometer and echocardiographic study in healthy subjects and patients with angina pectoris after administration of L-carnitine: semiautomatic computerized analysis of M-mode tracing. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 1988;26:221-224.

24. Shankar SS, Mirzamohammadi B, Walsh JP, Steinberg HO. L-carnitine may attenuate free fatty acid-induced endothelial dysfunction. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004;1033:189-197.

25. Stefanutti C, Vivenzio A, Lucani G, et al. Effect of L-carnitine on plasma lipoprotein fatty acids pattern in patients with primary hyperlipoproteinemia. Clin Ter 1998;149:115-119.

26. Kosan C, Sever L, Arisoy N, et al. Carnitine supplementation improves apolipoprotein B levels in pediatric peritoneal dialysi patients. Pediatr Nephrol 2003;18:1184-1188.

27. Sirtori CR, Calabresi L, Ferrara S, et al. L-carnitine reduces plasma lipoprotein(a) levels in patients with hyper Lp(a). Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2000;10:247-251.

28. Derosa G, Cicero AF, Gaddi A, et al. The effect of L-carnitine on plasma lipoprotein(a) levels in hypercholesterolemic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Clin Ther 2003;25:1429-1439.

29. Mingrone G, Greco AV, Capristo E, et al. L-carnitine improves glucose disposal in type 2 diabetic patients. J Am Coll Nutr 1999;18:77-82.

30. Cakir N, Yetkin I, Karakoc A, et al. L-carnitine in the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy and its effect on plasma beta-endorphin levels. Curr Ther Res Clin Exp 2000;61:871-876.

31. Plioplys AV, Plioplys S. Serum levels of carnitine in chronic fatigue syndrome: clinical correlates. Neuropsychobiology 1995;32:132-138.

32. Plioplys AV, Plioplys S. Amantadine and L-carnitine treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome. Neuropsychobiology 1997;35:16-23.

33. Sachan DS, Rhew TH, Ruark RA. Ameliorating effects of carnitine and its precursors on alcohol-induced fatty liver. Am J Clin Nutr 1984;39:738-744.

34. Malaguarnera M, Pistone G, Astuto M, et al. L-carnitine in the treatment of mild or moderate hepatic encephalopathy. Dig Dis 2003;21:271-275.

35. Johnston CS, Solomon RE, Corte C. Vitamin C depletion is associated with alterations in blood histamine and plasma free carnitine in adults. J Am Coll Nutr 1996;15:586-591.

36. Ha TY, Otsuka M, Arakawa N. The effect of graded doses of ascorbic acid on the tissue carnitine and plasma lipid concentrations. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo) 1990;36:227-234.

37. Triggs WJ, Roe CR, Rhead WJ, et al. Neuropsychiatric manifestations of defect in mitochondrial beta oxidation response to riboflavin. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1992;55:209-211.

38. Podlepa EM, Gessler NN, Bykhovskii VIa. The effect of methylation on the carnitine synthesis. Prikl Biokhim Mikrobiol 1990;26:179-183. [Article in Russian]

39. Dodson WL, Sachan DS. Choline supplementation reduces urinary carnitine excretion in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 1996;63:904-910.

40. Hug G, McGraw CA, Bates SR, Landrigan EA. Reduction of serum carnitine concentrations during anticonvulsant therapy with phenobarbital, valproic acid, phenytoin, and carbamazepine in children. J Pediatr 1991;119:799-802.

41. Chemical structure of L-Carnitine Chemical structure of L-Carnitine. L-Carnitine. Alternative Medicine review. 2005,Volume 10, Number 1